Samoa is a country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is made up of two main islands, Upolu and Savaii, and several smaller islands. Samoa is a former German colony and became a United Nations Trust Territory after World War II. It gained its independence in 1962. The Samoan people are Polynesian and the official language is Samoan. Lithuania is a country located in northeastern Europe. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east, Poland to the south, and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia to the southwest. Lithuania is a former Soviet republic and gained its independence in 1991. The Lithuanian people are Baltic and the official language is Lithuanian.