Palau is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is composed of more than 300 islands, most of which are uninhabited. The population of Palau is around 21,000 people. Palau shares maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Federated States of Micronesia. Tuvalu is a Polynesian island country located in the Pacific Ocean. It is composed of nine islands, which are spread over a distance of about 500 miles. The population of Tuvalu is around 11,000 people. Tuvalu shares maritime boundaries with Kiribati, Nauru, Samoa, and Tokelau. Palau and Tuvalu are both member countries of the Pacific Islands Forum.
The primary language spoken in Palau is Palauan, which is a Malayo-Polynesian language. The primary language spoken in Tuvalu is Tuvaluan, which is a Polynesian language. Palau and Tuvalu are both constitutional monarchies. The head of state in Palau is the president, and the head of state in Tuvalu is the Queen of Tuvalu. Palau and Tuvalu both have a parliamentary system of government. The primary currency used in Palau is the US dollar, and the primary currency used in Tuvalu is the Australian dollar. Palau and Tuvalu are both members of the United Nations.